Service Animal
Rights & Responsibilities


(US ADA guidelines, revised May 2011)

Service
Animal

Emotional Support Animal

Therapy
Animal

Companion
Animal
 
Handler must have a disability
(mental or physical impairment)
X X                                  http://www.ada.gov/pubs/adastatute08.htm#12102
http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/statutes/adaaa_info.cfm
Animal must be a dog X       http://www.ada.gov/service_animals_2010.htm
http://www.ada.gov/regs2010/factsheets/title2_factsheet.html
Handler must maintain control of their animal at all times while working X X X   http://www.ada.gov/service_animals_2010.htm
Animal must be trained to perform
specific disability related tasks
X       http://www.ada.gov/svcanimb.htm
http://www.ada.gov/service_animals_2010.htm
Animal must be well socialized
to people and situations to do thier job
X   X   http://hpwtdogmom.org/club/info/socialization_guide.html
Is considered a
working animal
X       http://www.ada.gov/service_animals_2010.htm
Animal can not have disruptive
behaviors like barking, growling...
X X X   http://www.ada.gov/service_animals_2010.htm
Animal must be
housebroken
X X X   http://www.ada.gov/service_animals_2010.htm
Animal is also known as an
assistance animal
X       http://www.nh.gov/disability/information/community/serviceanimals.htm
Animal must have current health
certificate for certain activities
X X X   http://airconsumer.dot.gov/rules/Part%20382-2008.pdf
Animal must have proof of
current vaccination for certain activities
X X X   http://airconsumer.dot.gov/rules/Part%20382-2008.pdf
Animal is allowed access
into all public places
X       http://www.ada.gov/qasrvc.htm
Animal is allowed to visit
zoos and museums
X       http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Is_there_anywhere_service_dogs_are_not_permitted
Animal is allowed on
Public Transportation
X       http://www.dogfriendly.com/server/newsletters/features/transportation.shtml
http://www.deltasociety.org/page.aspx?pid=492
* Animal is allowed in
Public Housing
X X     Some landlords ARE exempt from the regulations of the Fair Housing Amendments Act.
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_laws_on_renting_to_a_person_with_service_dog
* Animal is allowed to fly on
Commercial Airline with handler
X X     http://airconsumer.dot.gov/rules/Part%20382-2008.pdf
Animal provides
companionship
X X X X http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Companion_dog
Animal provides
comfort and emotional support
X X X X http://neurotalk.psychcentral.com/thread7204.html
You must provide documentation
for housing priviledges
X X     http://servicedogcentral.org/content/node/460
http://www.bazelon.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=mHq8GV0FI4c%3D&tabid=245
Animal is used to bring
theraputic benefit to others
    X   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Therapy_dog
Animal must be
certified to do their job
        http://www.ada.gov/qasrvc.htm
Animal must be trained
by a professional trainer
        http://www.iaadp.org/iaadp-minimum-training-standards-for-public-access.html
You can train your own dog.
Animal can be any
breed or size of dog
X X X X http://www.ada.gov/service_animals_2010.htm
Animal should be spayed or neutered
unless part of a breeding program
X X X X http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100324182636AA4cx9U
Early spays and neuters do more than prevent unwanted pregnancies. There are health and social benefits as well.
Animal must be tested
before they can do their job
                                                                                                                                                                      http://www.assistancedogsinternational.org/publicaccesstest.php
http://www.iaadp.org/iaadp-minimum-training-standards-for-public-access.html
Even though you must meet standards of behavior.
Animal is exempt from
normal fees and deposits
X X
housing only
    http://www.ada.gov/qasrvc.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emotional_support_animal

Owner is responsible to pay for
damages done by their animal
X X X X http://www.ada.gov/service_animals_2010.htm
Animal must carry documentation
and/or wear a service vest
        Wearing a service vest makes your life easier, and that of businesses, it however is not required.
* with documentation          
Depending on the article you are reading, you may find a lot of discrepancy in terminology. The terms Assistance Dogs, Service Dogs, and Emotional Support Dogs are all used to describe a dog trained to assist their disabled partner. The terms Emotional Support Dogs, Companion Dogs, and Therapy Dogs are all used to refer to dogs not trained to perform a task, but have a therapeutic effect, Companion Dogs and Pets are both used to describe an animal that brings comfort and companionship.

For clarification in our documentation, I try to use the terms Service Dog to refer to a dog that has been trained to assist their partner with any form of disability, Emotional Support Dog to refer to a dog that is not trained to perform any specific task, but helps to lessen the effects of their handlers disability, Therapy Dog as a pet that has been socialized and trained to give comfort to others outside of the home, and a dog that lives with a person without a disability as a Companion Animal or Family Pet.

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